Nepal ‘s first and most famous national park is situated in the central development region covering an area of 932 sq. km. This park includes hilly areas of the Silwalik range covered by deciduous sal forest and carpeted with grass, savannah and riverine vegetation.
The park, made up of the flood plains of the Narayani, Rapti and Reu rivers, is home to more than 450 endangered Asian one-horned rhinoceros and harbours one of the largest population of the elusive and rare Royal Bengal tiger. Besides rhinos and tigers there are four species of deer, leopards, langurs, sloth bears, wild boars, rhesus monkeys, wild dogs, white stocking gaurs and many other smaller animals. Gharial and Marsh mugger crocodiles cavort in the river water.
The unique birds which number over 450 species, include cormorants, egrets, stork, geese, jungle fowl, king fishers and endangered species such as Bengal florician, Lesser florician, Brahmin, duck, pintails, Indian pitta and parakeets. This makes the park a true bird watchers’ paradise.