Every interested people in mountaineering are well-known that Mt. Makalu (8463m) is the fifth highest mountain Peak on the Earth. Mt. Makalu is Situated in the heart of eastern Himalayas albeit just about 14 miles east of Mt. Everest. The Massive Mountain with a prominence of 2386m and taking into account surrounding deep valleys like Arun and Barun is somewhat isolated.
The valleys, in particularly the Barun valley, are the home of pristine forests and alpine meadows of Nepal. Within this wide range of altitudes and climates, the Makalu-Barun area contains some of the richest and most diverse flora and fauna of Nepal. Diverse ethnic communities of Rai, Sherpa, and Shingsawa (Bhotia) have inhibited the lower parts of these valleys. Due to isolation these communities are economically poor however they represent rich cultural heritage untouched by technology and world cultural influences. They are the custodians of Makalu-Barun unique biological and cultural treasures. Due to its relative inaccessibility, the area is little known to majority of the visitors, however, those who have visited, return home with unforgettable memories of the area and its people.
Mt. Makalu was first climbed by a French team in 1955. This peak was first mapped and taken photograph of it from the Tibetan side by the British Everest reconnaissance in 1921. Hillary and Shipton had taken that photograph of Mt. Makalu on their Everest reconnaissance in 1951. The first attempt on Mt. Makalu was in 1954 by a US team from California, who trekked all the way from the Indian border near Biratnagar. At the same time a British team had reached in the summit, but this Makalu Expedition was abandoned when Hillary became seriously ill and had to be evacuated. In the autumn of 1954 a French team attempted the peak. In the following spring, successfully ascents were made by three teams of French climbers on successive days. The Japanese also climbed Mt. Makalu in 1970, another French team climbed it in 1971 and a Yugoslav expedition reached the summit in 1975.